This module discusses one of the most important roles of early years professionals who are caring for and educating young children - the role of guiding them to develop self-regulation, social skills and emotional literacy. Early childhood practitioners are making the shift to more child-centred approaches to guidance. The use of time-out is being replaced by time-away and time-in. Both of these alternatives have been shown to meet the goals of improved self-regulation and increased ability to express feelings and solve problems related to group involvement. The benefits of making this shift are higher self esteem, a more secure and harmonious social and psychological environment, reduced stress, and increased resilience.